We have had many conversations with people about what type of pet they would like to add to their family. There are many things to consider such as how social the animal is, how much mess there might be to clean, life expectancy, and lifestyle compatibility. Pets are also a financial commitment and it can be difficult to get an idea of exactly what a new pet will cost. Since we care for a variety of animals, we decided to put together some charts based on our experience of caring for these different animals. We decided to factor our veterinary costs differently than other resources. Instead of factoring the average cost of a wellness exam and standard annual care for a healthy animal, we also looked at our experience of how often the specific type of animal may become sick and the typical costs of end of life illnesses. We added these costs to the annual wellness costs for the animal's lifespan and then divided these costs by the average lifespan. For example, a single ferret might cost $300 to care for in a year in which they are healthy, but ferrets are prone to many end of life illness that can be expensive to treat. When you factor this in, it raises the average annual cost to $600 per year. That's a big difference! So ferret owners should expect to spend $300 per year caring for their pet during a healthy year and set aside an additional $300 per year for potential illnesses. We hope that this information is useful for pet parents as they factor in a budget for their new family member.
Example Chart: Peach the Cat
To give you an idea of how we came to our numbers, we are providing an example with our eleven pound tabby cat, Peach. Her annual wellness exam with vaccinations is about $80. However, we have budgeted $200 for veterinary expenses to cover potential illnesses she may have over her lifetime. Since cats are a more common household pet, you may be able to compare your budget for feline expenses against ours. These numbers should also give you some frame of reference as you compare other types of animals on our list.
Common Small Mammal Pets
We are only putting together numbers for small mammals in our care. While there are many other small mammals in the pet trade, we do not have numbers that we can use for guinea pigs, rats, mice, hamsters, or gerbils. We would expect that the numbers for a Guinea Pig might be similar to the Chinchilla, while number for hamsters, gerbils, and mice should be less than our numbers for our Hedgehog. Rats would probably fall between the Hedgehog and Chinchilla range.
For start up costs, we are including items that are typically bought only once or infrequently in the animal's lifespan. This includes a cage, food bowls, hay bins, hides or shelter, and water bottle or water dish. We are not including the cost of the animal in start up costs or the cost of the first bag of food or initial wellness exam. Your expected first year budget can be found by adding the annual cost and the start up cost.
With small mammals, the combination of veterinary costs and shorter lifespans play a huge role in their annual budget. The annual veterinary budget for each animal is as follows: ferret ($400), rabbit ($250), chinchilla ($100), and hedgehog ($200). Chinchillas typically have a longer lifespan and fewer illnesses so this more evenly spreads their veterinary costs over time, while hedgehogs have short lifespans and a variety of common illnesses so you can expect to spend more money in a shorter amount of time. Rabbits and ferrets are both prone to emergency veterinary visits and are susceptible to different illnesses. As mentioned previously, ferrets have very high end of life health care needs and require annual vaccinations like dogs and cats, so they have the highest annual budget.
You may notice that our rabbits surprisingly have the lowest start up cost of our other animals. This is because we do not have a cage for our rabbits. We use a small bedroom as their enclosure instead of using a cage or a pen. While the ferrets are also given a small room as their enclosure, we do have a cage for them that we use to contain them during cleaning time or when we travel to longer events. Since the ferrets have a room as their enclosure, they have a cheaper cage that would not be adequate as their main housing. For a sturdier cage, the cost would be about $100 higher. For a rabbit, if you choose to use a cage or pen, you would need to add in this additional cost.
Our Feathered Friends: Parrots
It was difficult for us to estimate our food budget for the different types of parrots in our care. One of the advantages of having a multiple parrots is that we can often split the food between the parrots. They also receive a variety of fresh foods as part of their diet. These fresh foods are also consumed by other animals (and people!). Again, the start up costs only include the cage and an initial purchase of toys, perches, and food dishes if they were not adequately supplied with the cage. The start up costs do not include the cost of the animal. For parrots, this is often the highest initial expense with many small parrots costing $200-$300 and larger parrots costing $1,500-$2,500.
Veterinary costs for sick parrots do not have as much of an impact on the annual budget due to their long lifespans. In addition to typical wellness exams, parrots should also have their blood work checked. You can expect to spend a bit more on their annual wellness exam than you would for your dog or cat. They also require a larger budget for toys and enrichment. Parrots are social and emotional animals. Boredom can cause frustration, behavioral problems, and psychological or physical illness. Over 60% of our annual budget for our macaw parrot is the cost of toys and enrichment for her. She's a young parrot so this may change as her energy levels change over time, but for now, this is what our numbers are showing.
Lizards: Leopard Gecko, Bearded Dragon, Chameleon, & Tegu
We have a variety of lizards that we work with here at Ferrets and Friends so for this selection we tried to pick some of the most popular pets as well as our largest lizard, our Argentine Tegu. Since we keep a large collection, we use stacking enclosures, radiant heat panels, and a thermostat to maintain heat levels. For high humidity animals, we also use a humidifier. For start up costs, we included the enclosure, heating system, hides, water dishes, and humidifier (where applicable). For annual costs, we included food, substrate, UVB strips, basking bulbs, and veterinary care. We actually reduced the cost of our veterinary care budget as we realize that most people do not take their reptiles to the veterinarian each year for wellness exams. Instead, we tried to reflect the costs for illness, fecal exams, and typical end of life care. Out of the animals listed, chameleons have the highest veterinary cost average due to their shorter lifespan (the same thing happened with hedgehogs as we discussed earlier). For Bearded Dragons, you should get their fecals checked once a year and they sometimes need to be treated minor illnesses. Leopard geckos are very easy to care for and the longer lifespan makes their average veterinary costs the lowest of the group. With reptiles, proper husbandry is really important. Many expensive veterinary costs are avoidable by making sure that your reptile has the proper diet and environment.
As we were putting together this information, we were surprised to find that we actually spend more money annually feeding our Tegu than feeding our cat. She costs an average of $440 per year to feed, just barely surpassing the food budget for our favorite feline.
Snakes: Corn Snake, Ball Python, and Boa Constrictor
Snakes are probably one of the most budget friendly pets. Young snakes might only eat once a week. Older and larger snakes might only eat once per month. Most of our snakes use either a radiant heat panel or a heating pad which do not need to be replaced as often as bulbs. Feeding a frozen/thawed diet of mice or rats makes it easy to buy feeders in bulk. Corn snakes, milk snakes, and king snakes are all very easy for beginners. While Ball Pythons are docile, they have several common problems that are better for keepers with more experience. The largest snake in our collection is a red-tail boa.
Tortoises, Frogs, and Tarantulas
For this last group, we made some liberal estimates. Our tortoises receive their pellet supplement once per week and they receive fresh food throughout the rest of the week. We estimate that we spend about $174 per year to feed our two tortoises. We did not cut this number in half as we did with our bunny food budget estimate because we did not think it would be accurate reflection of the spending for a single tortoise. The rest of the budget is substrate changes and replacement bulbs which would need to be done in the same way regardless if you had one or two tortoises.
By far the most affordable animals in our care, our South American Horned Frog (or Pacman Frog) and Desert Blonde Tarantula finish up this list. They certainly shouldn't be breaking anyone's bank account. Like the other animals, set up costs did not include the cost for the animal itself. These only include the cage, water dish, and hides. We also did not factor in veterinary care for the frog or the tarantula. In fact, our frog might be one of the only frogs that our veterinarian sees in his practice!
So, when people ask us which animal is the most expensive animal in our care, we can now point them to this article and answer with confidence that it is our cat! We can say with some confidence that most animals in the small pet trade will be less expensive than a pet dog or a pet horse, but some are not as cheap as you would expect. Owning a parrot, ferret, rabbit, or large lizard can cost nearly as much as a cat or a small dog. There are also going to be many individual variables. Some may wear through their toys faster or have special dietary needs. When one of our animals is sick, it is not uncommon for us to see veterinary bills of $500-$1500 in order to diagnose and treat an illness. We factor these numbers into our animal care budget. Hopefully with this information, now you can too!
It is so important to recognize that turtles and tortoises are long-lived animals, and therefore mature much like human beings (and in some cases they mature much more slowly than humans). When it takes an animal 15 year or more to be able to reproduce the loss of mature adults can be extremely devastating to populations - and that is often what leads to the decline of turtles and tortoises. They are often harvested for their meat, meaning that the largest individuals are usually targeted for poaching and meat trade which can reduced reproduction tremendously. Collection of animals for pet trade is also devastating, but not necessarily to the degree that poaching or death of adult individuals can be. I encourage everyone to show compassion to these creatures - especially with the frequency in which they cross roads. Stopping to move a turtle or tortoise from a roadway can have huge positive impacts on populations.
I wanted to take the time to highlight some of my favorite animals in need: turtles and tortoises. After my friend's took a trip to the Turtle Conservancy last year, the brought me back a 2018 publication of the most endangered turtles and tortoises of the world that was distributed by the Turtle Conservancy. It is that publication which I am basing this blog list off of. The species listed are not North American, but it could only be a matter of time until some of the turtles and tortoises of North America begin to make an appearance on lists like this one.
For More information on these tortoises and turtles please see the link below for the 2018 publication of "Turtles in trouble" put out by the Turtle Conservancy:
About the Author: Jenna is a graduate student at the University of Florida. Currently she is studying Wildlife Ecology and Conservation while working in south Florida to manage invasive animals. Jenna primarily works with the Argentine Black and White Tegu and other invasive lizards
The American alligator is a large reptile native to the southeastern united states Previously the American alligator was a federally listed endangered species. In the early 1900s the alligator was hunted close to extinction which brought it to be listed under the Endangered Species Act. The hunting of these animals was prohibited, and their habitat was protected. In the 1980s the species had recovered enough to be removed from the endangered species list. Today, however, the large reptile is still protected due to its similar appearance to the American crocodile which is currently protected due to low population numbers (they are on the rise though!) Hunting of the American alligator is currently allowed, but it is regulated.
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission have statistics that show alligator attacks have actually increased from around 6 per year in 1971-1986 to around 10 per year from 1987-2017. This is likely due to human population increasing in the areas that alligators call home. Another source showed that human population was positively correlated with alligator attacks - more people, more likely the chance of an encounter. Humans also increase their chances of conflict by feeding alligaors (intentionally or unintentionally - throwing fish off the dock when alligators are present in the area can produce a similar association as feeding the gators), swimming in bodies of fresh water which gators are present in, allowing pets or children to play or drink from open bodies of fresh water, and generally approaching alligators fro photographs or not giving the animals space. The best way to mitigate conflicts with alligators are to simply leave them alone.
More information on American alligators can be found:
The American crocodile is a large carnivorous reptile which can grow to over 15 feet long and up to 2,000lbs. it is an at-risk species throughout its range in North and South America. There is not much information known about their population status except for in the United States, but illegal hunting and habitat loss are two factors that are heavily influencing the populations.
American crocodiles have a global status of “vulnerable”, which means that this species is likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening the species survival and reproduction are improved. In Florida, the northern most extent of the American crocodile’s range, laws have been put in place to protect the American crocodile and there has been improvement in the reproduction and survivorship which has led them to be state listed as Threatened.
There are 22 species of crocodilians found in the whole world, of these species only 13 of them are crocodiles, and only two crocodilians are found in the United states - the American alligator, and the American crocodile! In the U.S. the American crocodile thrives in the mangrove swamps, bays, and creeks of Florida and tends to spend the winter months further inland than during the summers and breeding season.
The population in Florida, however, is quite a small portion of the crocodiles range. A majority of the population lives in southern Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and the northern portions of South America. A recent push has begun in Jamaica to protect the American crocodile, which is an amazing step for their conservation. One of the tools being used to conserve this species is to educate residents with “Croc-Wise” – an educational outreach program targeting communities and schools. This program will help to inform residents about the natural history of the crocodile, their preferred habitat, and to help prevent human-crocodile conflicts from occurring.
This is a huge step, considering a VICE article written in 2016 (https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/8ge4yv/the-rogue-conservationist-trying-to-save-jamaicas-alligators) which discusses how decades of development has destroyed much of the habitat for the crocodiles, overfishing has depleted the food sources of the crocodiles, and a surge in demand for crocodile meat has led to increased poaching (which is still a big issue now in 2019). At the time this article was written the government had not shown much interest in protecting the crocodiles and one individual, Lawrence Henriques, who had taken it upon himself to help the crocodiles out in any way he could.
The National Environment and Planning Agency (NEPA) is managing the American crocodile population in Jamaica. The management includes a crocodile rescue and research operations committee which are a combination of efforts from NEPA the Hope zoo, and several other NGO's and private individuals. Together they relocate nuisance animals, perform research and general assessments of the crocodile population, and formulate policies and strategies to create effective management plans. All conservation efforts will hopefully keep these creatures from going extinct, and create a happy environment for the crocodiles and human beings to be able to coexist peacefully. To learn more about the American crocodile more information can be found at the link provided below:
The Jaguar is likely one of the most well-known cats of Belize. Jaguars can reach lengths of around 7 feet from head to tail and weigh up to 250lbs. This cat used to be very common in the coastal mangroves, savannas, and shrub lands of Belize, however it is highly prized for its fur and is a persecuted killer of livestock which makes the jaguar a target for hunting and poaching. These cats are rarely seen during the day time, and spend their nights hunting prey along the rivers, lakes, and mangroves. Prey of the Jaguar include peccaries, monkeys, agouties, deer, birds, fish, lizards, turtles, among others. Historically the Jaguar is thought to be a powerful being. They are depicted in many Mayan ruins and art. Since this time of reverence the cats populations have been reduced due to hunting for fur trade, deforestation, and poaching of cats on protected lands.
The Puma, or mountain lion, is the second largest wild cat found in Belize. The puma can reach 5-8 feet in length and weigh around 100lbs.They are adapted to living in all kinds of areas ranging from the deserts of north America to the tropical forests of central and south America. They are opportunistic predators who rely on ambushing their prey. They hunt deer, agouti, and paca. This cat is an apex predator and plays a very important role in controlling the populations of prey species. Theses cats are also facing population declines as a result of hunting and deforestation.
Ocelots are one of the smaller cats of Belize. They only reach sizes of around 3 feet in length and weights of 30lbs. They are active during the day and night time and live in tropical forest. These cats spend their time foraging on the ground, and are rarely seen in trees. These cats are endangered from poaching for their furs. The trade of Ocelots fur was banned in the United States in 1972, but continued pressure from deforestation and agricultural development are still putting high pressure on the already fragmented population. The name “Ocelot” is derive from an old Aztec word “tlalocelot” which means ‘tiger cat’.
The Jaguarundi is another smaller cat that can be found in Belize. Its color can vary from black to gray, to a yellow or tan coloration. They grow to be a max size of 2 and a half feet and weigh 15lbs. They live in dense forests and open scrub habitat, and feed on smaller animals including rats, rabbits, and mice. Their feeding habits are of great economic importance in Belize since they prey on agricultural pests. Unfortunately they too are facing declines from deforestation and agricultural pressure.
The last of the wild cats found in Belize, the Margay. Margays live from Mexico down into Argentina. They live exclusively in forested areas, and are very tactful climber. These small cats reach lengths of around 2 feet and weigh a whopping 5 to 8 lbs. They may be tiny, but these cats are extremely nimble and spend a great deal of time in the forest canopies. The Margay is strictly nocturnal and has ankle joints designed specifically for climbing down trees vertically. They feed on arboreal prey including opossum, monkey, squirrel, rat, and bird species. These cats do not thrive in human presence, and are threatened by deforestation. They are currently listed as an endangered species, but Belize is home to one of the healthier populations.
For more information:
About the Author: Jenna is a graduate student at the University of Florida. Currently she is studying Wildlife Ecology and Conservation while working in south Florida to manage invasive animals. Jenna primarily works with the Argentine Black and White Tegu and other invasive lizards
The Rock iguanas are composed of three species with seven subspecies:
In the Bahamas all of the Rock iguanas are protected by the Wild Animals (protection) Act, and they are all listed by CITES in Appendix 1 meaning they are near extinct or very endangered. Today it is illegal to hunt or harm any rock iguanas, and they can live up to 40 years in the wild.
Reptiles Magazine published an article in 2010 giving a quick run-down of the Cyclura sp. Which can be read here (http://www.reptilesmagazine.com/Cyclura/em-Species-Rundown/)
You can read more about the Rock Iguanas in the Bahamas min their website (https://bnt.bs/wildlife/reptiles/lizards/bahamian-rock-iguana/)
IUCN Redlist profiles of the iguanas are as follows:
Here at Ferrets and Friends, we have the joy of taking care of over 40 animals that run the spectrum of different types of exotic pets. People often ask us questions like "I have a rabbit already, but I have always wanted a chinchilla. How do they compare?" We think these are great questions, but researching the answers can be tough. We hope to write more articles to address these questions, but to start we will compare some of the extremes with the animals we already work with. We answered these questions based on our current experience taking care of parrots, ferrets, rabbits, chinchillas, hedgehogs, parrots, tortoises, lizards, snakes, amphibians, and invertebrates.
The Most Clean
Our cleanest animals are our snakes and our amphibians. Weekly spot checks and deep cage cleaning every six months to a year is usually enough to keep their homes clean. Our tarantulas and millipedes also keep their enclosures pretty clean. We could not pick just one animal to say that it is the most clean.
Jubilee, our macaw, makes the list again! Her screams can be heard from other buildings! While Jubilee is pretty quiet most of the day, there is time in the afternoon that she likes to get loud (and also practice talking). Our Eclectus Parrot, Missy, also has some pretty loud calls. Anyone who wants a quiet animal should stay far away from birds.
The Most Quiet
If you covered the enclosures for our snakes, amphibians, or invertebrates, it is unlikely would even know that an animal lived there. Smaller lizards like geckos and chameleons are also extremely quiet. While larger lizards and tortoises don't make vocalizations, they are more active in their enclosures so you may hear them digging, scratching, climbing, or otherwise running about.
There are lots of different qualities that go into what makes a good pet and the exact definition will vary from person to person. Ultimately, you have to do your research and figure out what works best for you and your lifestyle.
The Burmese Python (Python bivittatus), is a snake that is found naturally occurring in a large area of tropical South and Southeast Asia. Their average lifespan in the wild is 20-25 years (NationalGeographic.com), grow to be 16ft-23ft in length, and can weigh an upwards of 200lbs. These snakes are very popular in the pet trade and can be purchased quite easily throughout the United States. Here in Florida, however, they have become a nuisance. Between raging storms destroying warehouses and freeing the captive pythons, and careless owners releasing their pets into the wild once they reach an unmanageable size, the Burmese python has an established population in south Florida – mainly in the Everglades.
Well over 2,000 pythons have been removed from the Everglades National Park (ww.nps.gov) since 2002. This is only a tiny portion of the population that is present down here in south Florida. The pythons have inflicted a devastating impact on the ecosystem in the Everglades – feasting on the native birds, mammals, and reptiles found in the ‘glades. This includes the previously endangered Wood Storks, which are currently listed as a “threatened” species (and are imperiled in the state of Florida). Below is an image showing what a Burmese python needs to consume in order to grow to be 13ft.
Two formal python management programs have been established in south Florida. One program is through the South Florida Water Management District, and the second is through Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC). These programs were begun in order to enhance python removal in south Florida by specifically targeting areas and effort for the removal of the pythons, which has been one of the most successful way to remove pythons to date.
FWC Python Removal Contractor Program (PRCP)
This program was developed to involve qualified individuals with python management. These individuals must be experienced with the capture and removal of nonnative constrictors through a previous python permit obtained through a FWC python challenge event, work through a national park or preserve, or as a contractor for the South Florida Water Management District python program. They must also not have any previous violations on any FWC issued permits or wildlife-related citations and project a positive image of FWC and the python program at all times. These hunters also assume all liability for health, welfare, and safety of themselves and those assisting them.
The contractors are paid between $8.46/hour - $15/hour depending on the location that they survey. Each python nest is worth $200, and every python removed is $50 for the first 4 feet, and another $25 for every foot after the first 4 feet.
For more information on the FWC python program:
South Florida Water Management District Python Elimination Program
The South Florida water management district python elimination program began in March of 2017. This program is geared towards members of the public who are capable of identifying removing and youth and Ising pythons in Miami Dade, Hendry, Collier, Palm Beach, and Broward County from SFWMD lands in South Florida.Within this program over 2000 pythons have been removed to date. a majority if these snakes have been Under 4 feet, and only 3 have bee over 17 feet. Compensation for SFWMD hunters is comparable to the compensation provided by FWC. This program is limited to 25-35 participants, and is not currently accepting applicants.
This elimination program targets the following species:
Burmese Python (Python bivittatus)
Northern African Python (Python sebae sebae)
Reticulated Python (Python reticulatus)
Southern African Python (Python sebae natalensis)
Amethystine/Scrub Python (Morelia amethistina)
Boa Constrictor (Boa constrictor)
Yellow Anaconda (Eunectes notaeus)
Green Anaconda (Eunectes murinus)
Beni Anaconda (Eunectes beniensis)
DeSchauensee’s Anaconda (Eunectes deschauenseei)
For more information on the SFWMD Python program:
For article written about the hunters and hunting programs above:
Large python capture:
Python hunting program:
My last update on the Argentine black and white tegu front was back in May 2018, where I talked about the different tegu species that have been introduced into Florida. For this update I am going to be talking about removal efforts that I am involved in directly as part of my work and school thesis.
The Argentine black and white tegu is a large lizard native to South America – specifically Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina. These lizards can reach up to four feet in length, spend most of their time on land, but can swim and remain submerged for long periods. These critters are intelligent, and when kept as house pets can be very attached to their owners and quite docile – making them wonderful pets. However, as the tegu grows very large it can become more work than their owners care to give, many owners and individuals who sell animals in the pet trade become irresponsible and release their Tegu into the wild. Occasionally, beloved pets are lost when not kept in a secure outdoor enclosure, not watched appropriately, or accidentally get loose and run away.
Currently there are removal efforts in place by several agencies including the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, U.S. Geological Survey, National Park Service, private trappers, and the University of Florida. Over the past fove years there have been several interagency tegu management meetings and workshops which helped to establish cohesive management objectives, plans of action and budgets, and research and resource gaps. Ideally, tegu removal will be as efficient as possible – increasing tegu removal while minimizing cost.
Trapping efforts by the University of Florida involve a trap line of 125- 150 live capture traps in a targeted area. These traps are deployed in February and are checked every day for new captures. The area being trapped is near two ecologically important areas – the Everglades National Park and the Turkey Point Power Plant – both which are home to very important and some imperiled species like the American Crocodile, which is threatened in its range. In 2018 University of Florida trapping efforts removed 360 tegus from the targeted area of trapping, and efforts are continuing in 2019. In addition to this effort there is currently a bill filed with the Florida senate that would ban ownership of Argentine black and white tegus (and sale) all together.
*All photos are from camera traps the University of Florida has set in south Florida to capture images of tegus in the wild.
We often get asked if ferrets make good pets. Our honest answer is that it depends what you are looking for in a pet. If you are looking for a simple, low maintenance pet that can be kept caged for most of the day, then then ferrets would be a poor match. Ferrets are more comparable to keeping a cat or a dog than keeping other small mammal pets. Like cats and dogs, ferrets require annual veterinary exams and rabies vaccines. While ferrets can be housed in a large cage, they require significant out of cage time for exercise, mental stimulation, and socialization. Ferrets may be a good match for individuals who are unable to have a cat or dog due to allergies, limitations with an apartment, or long work schedules. While ferrets are surprisingly tough, they tend to play more roughly which may not be suitable for families with young children. As a pet for older children, ferrets are more tolerant than other small pets that are typically advertised for children.
While it is not unheard of for a ferret to reach the age of 9 or 10, it is incredibly uncommon with most ferrets living between 5 and 7 years. Ferrets are prone to a variety of health issues which can be very expensive. We wrote about the veterinary cost for three of our oldest ferrets here: www.ferretsandfriends.org/blog/what-does-it-cost-ferret-health
Ferrets are incredibly mischievous. Creating a ferret-safe space for your ferrets to run around can be quite a challenge. Anywhere their skull can fit, they can fit. In our experience, we have ferrets that could fit under doors or cabinets. Certain types of furniture such as reclining chairs can be hazardous for a pet ferret. Ferrets can also cause a great deal of damage to furniture, carpeting, and other possessions. Even with their musk gland removed, ferrets still have their distinctive odor which is impossible to completely eliminate.
Like dogs and cats, ferrets can eat appropriate dry food or wet food that can be found in most pet stores. They should have access to food and water at all times. Ferrets have a very fast metabolism so their body may start breaking down fat reserves if they go more than four to six hours without eating. Ferrets tend to eat frequently throughout the day and night. This means that they may go to the bathroom more frequently. Many ferrets can be trained to use a litter box with some effort. For our ferrets, we use both puppy pee pads and litter boxes.
Animal Care Costs (2018 Prices): Setup
Animal Care Costs (2018 Prices): Annual Maintenance
About the blog
Ferrets and Friends, LLC has four writers bringing you information on a variety of topics from pets to wildlife, education to conservation, and from new developments in our business to information about our industry. Learn something new each week!